Identification keys and general biology are given in Nielsen (1932), Spradbery (1973), Richards (1980) and Yeo & Corbet (1995).
Found throughout England and Wales (including the Isle of Man) and into Scotland north to Aberlour (Banffshire). Widely recorded in Ireland. There is one old record for the Channel Islands.
Overseas, found in many parts of mainland Europe (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Austria, Hungary, Greece and Bulgaria) and eastwards to central Asia and Japan.