Vespula grahami ARCHER 1981; Vespa intermedia DU BUYSSON 1905; Vespula obscura LEE 1986; Vespa schrenckii RADOSZKOWSKI 1861; Vespa sibiria ANDRÉ 1884; Vespula yichunensis LEE 1986
Identification keys and general biology of the Red Wasp are given in Spradbery (1973), Archer (1979, 1996, 1997a, 19976b), Edwards (1980), Akre et al. (1981) and Else (1994).
Found throughout England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. It also occurs on the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and the Outer Hebrides, but not on Orkney, Shetland, or the Isles of Scilly.
Overseas it occurs in central and northern Europe to about 70° north. It is also widely distributed across Asia and North America.