Vespa altaica PÉREZ 1910; Vespa anglica GRIBODO 1892, preocc.; Vespa birulai BEQUAERT 1931; Vespa borealis REDOSZKOWSKI 1863; Vespa caspica PÉREZ 1910; Vespa chinensis BIRULA 1925, preocc.; Vespa crabroniformis SMITH 1852; Vespa fasciata CAMERON 1903; Vespa germana CHRIST 1791; Vespa gribodoi BEQUAERT 1931; Vespa major RETZIUS 1783; Vespa meridionalis BIRULA 1925; Vespa oberthuri DU BUYSSON 1902; Vespa pratensis GEOFFROY 1785; Vespa tartarea DU BUYSSON 1905; Vespa vexator HARRIS 1776; Vespa vulgata BIRULA 1925
The 'hornet' occurs in many parts of England and Wales extending from Cornwall to Kent and northwards to Yorkshire. It also occurs on the Isles of Scilly, Isle of Wight and the Channel Islands (Jersey and Guernsey). Hornets are noticeably scarce in Kent and East Sussex, and much less frequent in other parts of south-east England than before 1950. From the 1970s, hornets spread to the north Midlands and Yorkshire: previous records for these localities were at the beginning of the 20th century.