Apis dichroa GMELIN 1790; Melitta chrysura KIRBY 1802
Melitta species generally have very narrow pollen preferences, either visiting a single species (monolectic) or a group of closely related species (oligolectic). The present species belongs to the second category.
Widely distributed in southern England, especially on chalky and limestone soils. The species has also been recorded from Wales and the Isle of Man. It is very rare in northern England and Scotland. The species was rediscovered at Grange-over-Sands, Westmorland, in July 1996 after an absence of records from that county of about fifty years (N Robinson, pers. comm.). A female M. haemorrhoidalis was collected at Cheswick Dunes, Northumberland, on 2nd August 1997 by M E Archer, and this seems to be the first record of the species from north-east England. Confirmed Scottish records are from Fifeshire in 1900 and East Perthshire before 1900. There are no records of this bee from Ireland or the Channel Islands. In Europe, the range extends from Fennoscandia south to Spain, and eastwards to Greece.