Myrmica specioides is a red ant similar in appearance to others of its genus. It has a scape sharply angled at the base and is most likely to be confused with M. scabrinodis. It can be distinguished in the females and workers by the shape of its post-petiole and the angle of its scape (see Attewell 2006) and in the males which have a shorter scape than M. scabrinodis. There is some controversy over the name of this species with some authors using the name M. bessarabica Nasonov.
Modern records are predominantly from coastal sites: East Sussex, Kent, Essex, East Suffolk and East Norfolk.
Western and central Europe, northern part of the Balkan peninsula (Czechowski et al., 2002).