Priocnemis exaltata belongs to Priocnemis sens. str. Males can be identified by examination of the genitalia, and females recognised by the long metapostnotum. It is one of the largest species in its subgenus.
England, common in the south, with scattered records in Wales and Ireland, these mainly on or near the east coast. There is a single isolated record from northern Scotland. Also known from the Channel Islands.
It occurs in much of Europe, although it is absent from the south (Wolf, 1972). France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Slovenia, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Belarus, Norway and Finland (Wahis, 2011).