Identification keys and general biology are given in Malyshev (1968), Iwata (1976), Richards (1980), Gauld & Bolton (1988) and Yeo & Corbet (1995).
From Cornwall to Kent, south Wales and north to Norfolk. Also found in the Channel Islands.
Overseas, found in much of Europe (including Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, France, Portugal, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary). Also recorded from far-eastern Russia.