In Britain, Hoplitis claviventris was formerly misidentified as H. leucomelana (Yarrow, 1970).
Else & Edwards (in press) will cover this species. It has also been covered in numerous other works, including Banaszak & Romasenko (2001) and Amiet et al. (2004).
The sole British record, the type of the species, was a female taken by Kirby at Coddenham, East Suffolk, prior to 1802. There is an old but post-1900 record from Scotland, an importation.
It is a Palaearctic bee found from France and Spain in the west to China in the east.